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Eligibility for the vaccine

Wales is following the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI) advice on who is eligible for COVID-19 vaccinations. This advice is based on evidence on who is most at risk of serious illness and death from COVID-19.  

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Coronavirus (COVID-19) and flu are respiratory illnesses that thrive in winter. People most at risk of becoming seriously ill from these viruses are eligible for COVID-19 and flu vaccination. Information about flu vaccinations is available at Flu Vaccination - Public Health Wales (nhs.wales)

By being vaccinated against COVID-19 and flu you can help reduce preventable death and serious illness and protect yourself, your community and your health and social care services.  

People at highest risk of serious illness from COVID-19 infection will be offered a booster in autumn 2023 (September to December). We recommend that you take up your offer of vaccination as soon as it is offered to you. 

The offer of an autumn booster dose will end on 31 March 2024. 

 

Autumn Booster

The JCVI have said that a COVID-19 autumn booster vaccine should be offered to: 

  • people aged 65 and older (age on 31 March 2024); 

  • frontline health and social care workers; 

  • people aged 16 – 64 years who are carers; 

  • staff working in care homes for older adults; 

  • residents in care homes for older people; 

  • those aged six months to 64 years of age at higher risk of COVID-19 infection (e.g., individuals who have a weakened immune system) including those who are pregnant; and  

  • people aged 12 – 64 years who are household contacts with people who have a weakened immune system. 

 

Adults

In Wales, all adults aged 18 and over have now been offered a primary course (normally two doses) and one booster dose of the vaccine. The universal offers of an initial two-dose primary course and a booster dose have now ended. 
 

Individuals who have not yet had a primary course of COVID-19 

The two-dose universal primary course offer ended on the 30 June 2023. From this date, only those who meet the eligibility criteria for a COVID-19 booster continue to be eligible for a primary course. 

The primary course consists of a single dose of COVID-19 vaccine. If you have a weakened immune system you may need to have more than a single dose. Speak to your GP or practice nurse, they will be able to discuss with you the number of doses to give. 
 

COVID-19 vaccination for travel 

There is no longer any provision for those who require COVID-19 vaccination for travel purposes. 

COVID-19 vaccination for travel is only available if you’re traveling to a country that requires proof of coronavirus vaccination for entry and you do not have the number of doses required. Most countries have no requirements, and some will allow you to enter if you take a coronavirus test prior to travel. 

If you need a COVID-19 vaccine, please contact your local health board to discuss your circumstances. 

Foreign travel advice is available at: Foreign travel advice - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

 

Children and young people 

Children aged six months and over, who are at highest risk of serious illness from COVID-19 infection will be offered COVID-19 Vaccination.. 

For more information, go to:  

Green Book COVID-19: the green book, chapter 14a - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk) 
Covid-19-vaccination-programme (GOV.WALES)  


COVID-19 vaccination and severe immunosuppression 

People who are or become severely immunosuppressed (have a very weakened immune system because of a health condition or medical treatment) may not make a good immune response to the COVID-19 vaccine.   

An additional dose of vaccine should be considered. 

  • If you have not received any previous COVID-19 vaccines or have recently become severely immunosuppressed then you should be considered for your first dose of vaccine, regardless of the time of year 

  • If you have previously received a COVID-19 vaccination and have become severely immunosuppressed then you should be considered for an additional dose of COVID-19 vaccination, three months after your last dose, regardless of the time of year 

The additional dose aims to increase your levels of protection until the next seasonal campaign. Severely immunosuppressed people may be eligible for further seasonal boosters in line with JCVI advice.  

For more information, go to: 

Green Book COVID-19: the green book, chapter 14a - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)  

Covid-19-vaccination-programme (GOV.WALES)