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Looking after yourself

What can I do to keep healthy?

You can reduce your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy by doing the following.

•       Closely managing your diabetes, including checking your blood glucose.

•       Attending your diabetes appointments and seeing your GP regularly to check your blood pressure and cholesterol.

•       Taking your medication as prescribed.

•       Attending your diabetic eye-screening appointments.

•       Not smoking. For advice and support, or to find your local stop smoking service, visit Help Me Quit

•       Talking to your optician or doctor if you notice any changes to your eyesight.   

•       Eating well, taking regular exercise and limiting your alcohol intake.

Remember: eye screening is part of managing your diabetes and diabetic retinopathy is treatable, especially if it is caught early.

This programme only identifies diabetic retinopathy. You will still need to be seen by an optician for regular eye tests.

What can I do if I have changes in my eyesight?

Contact your GP or optician if you develop any problems with your eyes or your vision. Please do not wait for your next eye screening appointment.

Some signs to look out for include:

  • Sudden or gradual worsening vision
  • Sudden loss of your eyesight in one or both eyes
  • Seeing shapes (floaters) or flashing lights in your field of vision
  • Your vision becomes blurred with no other cause of vision changes (such as a change in your blood sugar level)
  • You have eye pain or redness of the eye.


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