The information is for you if your fetal anomaly scan has shown that your baby has ventriculomegaly.
This information applies if ventriculomegaly was the only unexpected finding on the scan.
Published July 2022, 5th edition.
― What is ventriculomegaly?
― What will happen next?
― What tests will I be offered?
― Further information
Every pregnant woman in Wales is offered a fetal anomaly scan when they are between 18 and 20 weeks pregnant. The scan is a way of checking that your baby appears to be developing as expected. This means it may show up unexpected findings that would then need to be checked by other tests.
Ventriculomegaly is found in approximately 1 in every 1,000 (0.1%) pregnancies in Wales.
Ventricles are normal spaces within the baby’s brain which are filled with liquid (cerebrospinal fluid, or CSF) which acts as a ‘cushion’ for the brain and also provides nutrients to the brain.
Normally the ventricles are less than 10.1 millimetres (mm) wide. When they measure between 10.1mm and 15.1mm, this is known as ventriculomegaly. This can be caused by too much fluid being produced in the brain. When the ventricles measure more than 15.1mm on the anomaly scan this is known as hydrocephalus.
In Wales, when ventriculomegaly has been seen as the only abnormality on the 18 to 20 week scan, about 5 in every 10 babies (50%) are born with no other health conditions.
Of the other 5 in 10:
On average, 4 in every 10 babies (40%) with ventriculomegaly will have a complication with their brain which may delay their development. About 1 out of 10 pregnancies (10%) with ventriculomegaly will have a chromosomal change.
In general, the outcome is worse when the ventricles are larger, there are other unexpected findings seen on the scan, and if the baby has a chromosomal change.
Occasionally, infections such as cytomegalovirus (CMV), toxoplasmosis and rubella (German measles) are associated with ventriculomegaly. In Wales from 2011 to 2020, there were five recorded cases of CMV linked with ventriculomegaly, one case of toxoplasmosis and no known cases of German measles.
You will be seen by a midwife who specialises in antenatal screening or your hospital doctor (obstetrician) who will explain what care you will be offered next.
Because of these findings you will be offered an appointment with a fetal medicine consultant. This appointment may or may not be at the hospital where you are booked to deliver your baby.
At this appointment the midwife and doctor will explain more about the conditions and about the tests you can have and how they are done. Some women decide not to have these tests. The midwife and doctor will support whatever choice you make. You may have questions to ask the midwife or doctor and may want to have another appointment. You may want your partner or a friend to come with you, and you may want more time to think before you decide what to do next.
You may want to think about what you might do if the test result shows your baby has one of the conditions. Some women will want to prepare themselves for the birth knowing that their baby has been shown to have a condition. Other women may decide to end the pregnancy if a poor outcome is expected.
You will be offered a blood test to see if you have recently had CMV, toxoplasmosis or rubella (German measles).
If the blood test shows you have had any of these infections, there is a small chance the infection may pass across the afterbirth and infect your baby.
If your baby is infected with any of the above it may cause problems such as low birth weight, jaundice, hearing loss, sight loss and heart abnormalities.
You will be offered an amniocentesis if you want to know before your baby’s birth if the ventriculomegaly is because of a chromosomal abnormality.
An amniocentesis is a very accurate way of telling whether your baby does or does not have these conditions. If you have an amniocentesis there is a 0.5% chance that you could have a miscarriage (this means that one in every 200 women could lose their baby as a result of an amniocentesis). The miscarriage can be the loss of a baby that was affected or unaffected with the conditions.
If your blood test has shown that you have had a recent infection an amniocentesis will also tell if your baby is infected by CMV, toxoplasmosis or rubella (German measles).
You can get more information about amniocentesis from the Antenatal Screening Wales Information is for you if you have been offered further testing for suspected chromosomal conditions’.
You will be offered an MRI scan of your baby’s brain. This will give more information about how your baby’s brain is developing.
You can get more information from the hospital midwife who specialises in antenatal screening or your hospital doctor (obstetrician).
Antenatal Results and Choices (ARC)
Helpline: 0845 077 2290 or 0207 713 7486 from a mobile
Phone: 0808 802 0030
Phone: 0300 330 9250
Information from CARIS (Congenital Anomaly Register and Information System) and The Welsh Study of Mothers and Babies has been used in this leaflet to describe how echogenic bowel may present in your baby.