Having the HPV vaccine is important to prevent a range of cancers and genital warts. Getting the vaccine now protects you against future risks.
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HPV is a very common virus which usually has no symptoms. More than 70% of unvaccinated people will get it at some point in their life.
Most people who become infected with HPV clear the virus from their body, but others may develop a range of cancers in later life caused by the HPV virus.
HPV is usually spread through intimate sexual contact. Condoms don't provide complete protection. Some people may also develop genital warts, which can sometimes be difficult to treat.
Having the vaccine is important because we can't predict who'll develop cancer or genital warts. Getting the vaccine now protects you against future risks.
You can find more information on the vaccine and diseases at NHS 111 Wales - HPV vaccine (external site).
The HPV vaccine is offered to boys and girls who are aged 12 to 13 years (school year 8) and those individuals who may have missed their vaccination but still remain eligible up to the age of 25 (that is, boys who were in school year 8 on or after 1 September 2019 and girls who attained eligibility on or after 1 September 2008).
The HPV vaccine is available through specialist Sexual Health Services (SHS) and HIV clinics to gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) who are up to and including 45 years of age.
The HPV vaccination is normally given as an injection in the top of the arm.
Two doses are currently advised to offer best protection.
Common side effects are a sore, swollen red area where the vaccination was given. Sometimes a small, painless hard lump may also form at the injection site. These side effects usually disappear after a couple of days.
Less common side effects include headaches, nausea, fever (high temperature).
Other more serious reactions are rare.
For more information on common and rare side effects see:
If you are concerned about symptoms call NHS 111 Wales (external site). Calls to NHS 111 Wales are free from landlines and mobile phones.
You can report suspected side effects of vaccines and medicines through the Yellow Card scheme. You can do this online at yellowcard.mhra.gov.uk or by calling the Yellow Card scheme hotline on 0800 731 6789 (Monday to Friday, 9am to 5pm).
To order leaflets, visit the Health Information Resources page.